Malignant melanoma or skin cancer develops from many reasons, but this one is the most important risk factor! Find out all about it and protect yourself!

The skin is the largest organ of our body. Therefore, it is always exposed to all external factors that can cause damage and wear. One of the biggest factors that cause skin cancer is nothing more and nothing less than the sun. Due to various environmental problems, the ozone layer has worn away. Every day the UV rays that penetrate our skin are stronger.

Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the area of ​​medicine. Of course, this is due to the fact that our skin is exposed to various environmental factors.

Everything you did not know about skin cancer

Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells, which is usually out of control. It is due to changes in the genetic material of the cell that started hyperplasia. As all cancers have several types, we will describe below the different skin cancer types.

Before explaining the types of cancer you must understand the conformation of the skin well. The first layer is epidermis, the second hypodermis. The epidermis has several sublayers, which include the basal layer or basement membrane, in which a very particular type of skin cancer develops. There is also another type of cancer, the melanoma.

Malignant melanoma

This one happens due to alteration of the genetic material of cells, melanocytes, which upon the appearance of hyperplasia, become an abnormal pigmentation in the part where said growth occurs. It may be that skin cancer in its early stages is undetectable even for dermatologists, but over time there will be the appearance of a precancerous lesion, which is an indication for the health professional, that in that area there is abnormal growth of tissue, so it should start performing tests such as biopsies, smears, cytologies, among others.

Further info: Can A Mole Change Color And Not Be Cancer? Find Out All About Mole Changes!

As we said before, skin cancer is very frequent and nevertheless, there is a subtype of this cancer which is the most frequent of all and it is the cancer that occurs in the epidermal cells of the skin, known as hawthorn cell carcinoma. There is another type of cancer, basal cell carcinoma, which is another very common cancer variety, this appears mostly in women.

Finally we have the melanoma, which usually occurs due to excessive exposure to the sun. It is for this reason that you must take precautions when going to the beach or pool because you could be provoking this horrible pathology.

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