Acne facial treatment options can be many, but you need to check out the best ones to discover the one that would work for you!
Acne facial treatment options should be carried out from the moment it is identified. Therefore, it is important to go to the dermatologist at the first symptoms of this disease.
Fortunately, today we have many quite effective acne treatments. This disease represents 25% of dermatologist consultations in Spain. This percentage increases among the pediatric population and in primary care.
It is a disease that develops due to different factors, which is why it is said to be a multifactorial disease. Currently, we have a wide effective therapeutic arsenal to control each of the factors that are involved in the development of acne.
However, to know the most appropriate option in our case, it is essential to know how this disease occurs and what triggers it. Also, as suggested by the American Academy of Dermatology, we should go to the dermatologist.
In any case, below we want to make a brief review of this skin disease and the possible treatments that you can use to combat it. Keep them in mind and solve your doubts with the professional.
What is acne and why does it occur?
Being such a common disease among the general population, surely you have already heard of it or even suffered from it. It is a problem of the skin that originally occurs in the hair follicles.
During this disease, a kind of plug of fat and dead cells forms in these follicles. As a consequence, blackheads and pimples (the famous pimples) usually form, these being the main symptoms of this skin disorder.
All of these acne symptoms can appear on different parts of the body. However, the most common areas are the face, back, chest and shoulders.
On the other hand, regarding the causes, we have commented that it is a multifactorial disorder. Four main factors favor the development, which are the following:
- An excessive production of fat.
- High hormonal activity, especially of androgens.
- Some bacterial infection such as that produced by Propionibacterium acnes.
- An obstruction of the hair follicles due to the accumulation of fat and dead skin cells.
There are many other factors that favor and aggravate acne. For example, stress can make this condition worse, as well as certain medications and diet, studies show.
When and how should you treat acne?
You should go through acne treatments as soon as you identify the disease. Therefore, when noticing the lesions, the ideal is to go to the dermatologist to determine the best option in our case before more severe symptoms appear.
Keep in mind that each type of injury has a specific treatment and, therefore, it is essential to have a professional diagnosis. Even additional tests may be necessary to determine its origin.
General treatment is aimed at reducing inflammation and preventing bacterial growth. Therefore, the treatment must be applied to the entire affected area, not locally on the injuries caused. Here are some of the most commonly used acne treatments.
Different acne facial treatment options
Depending on the purpose for which you need them, we can classify acne treatments into:
- Targeted to reduce desquamation of ductal epithelial cells.
- Fight bacterial infections.
- Reduce fat production: the most widely used drug is isotretinoin, which is a product of vitamin A metabolism. It is the treatment of choice when there is a risk of scarring.
- Eridosis for acne: precautions
In many cases, in addition to the typical topical treatments, certain drugs are necessary to combat acne.
Acne facial treatment options targeted at reducing shedding of skin cells
Among the most used treatments we can mention the following three:
- Tretinoin: is a retinoid medication that manages to normalize the obstruction of the follicle. It also has an anti-inflammatory and preventive action against the formation of the well-known pimples.
- Salicylic acid: It is less effective than tretinoin. It also has anti-inflammatory effects.
- Tazarotene or adapalene: These are new treatments with similar efficacy to tretinoin.
Drugs used to fight bacterial infections
The Propionibacterium acnes bacterium is quite sensitive to many antibiotics. Among the most used drugs for this purpose we can mention the following:
- Benzoyl peroxide, especially associated with erythromycin.
- Systemic antibiotics: such as doxycycline, minocycline, or cotrimoxazole.
In short, the treatments for acne that we have today are very varied. We recommend that you consult your trusted doctor or dermatologist to find out what is the best way to combat this disease, depending on your case. Avoid resorting to any method of medication, as it could be counterproductive.
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