The best anti aging skin care routine for wrinkles is just a few clicks away. Know the types of wrinkles and how to treat them effectively.

Wrinkles are signs of aging skin. While they are unavoidable, there are some methods that can delay their appearance. In this article we tell you their causes and some treatments.

Wrinkles are part of the skin’s natural aging process. It is due to different extrinsic or intrinsic factors, and it occurs slowly, progressively and irreversibly.

Although genetics is what determines the texture and structure of the skin, sun exposure is the main cause of the presence of wrinkles, especially in areas that receive constant sun exposure. What are your symptoms? What treatments are available? Below, we detail it.

Wrinkle symptoms

Wrinkles are the first sign of physiological aging; They are folds on the surface of the skin, which are due to the alteration of the components of the skin layers.

As time passes, the amount of collagen and elastin fibers decreases. Consequently, the skin loses tone and elasticity, becoming rough due to the lack of hydration and firmness.

Causes of wrinkles

Wrinkles are directly linked to skin aging. They are generated by the sum of different avoidable or non-avoidable factors. In the next space we mention the most relevant ones.

Aging

With the passage of time, the skin becomes more fragile, loses elasticity, tone and feels rougher, due to the dehydration it suffers.

There is a decrease in the production of elastin and collagen, both in the superficial layers of the skin and in the adipose tissue found in the deepest layer (hypodermis).

Tobacco and alcohol

Both influence premature aging; in fact, they are the second most prevalent cause for wrinkles. There are studies published in the Journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeon, carried out on smoking and non-smoking twins, where the effect of these habits on skin health is evident.

Both factors intervene in the oxygenation of the cells of the epidermis, and the skin becomes paler, close to a grayish yellow. Tobacco lowers vitamin A values, causing alterations in the quality and quantity of elastin and collagen. The skin is dehydrated, brittle and rough.

Exposure to the sun

Exposure to the ultraviolet rays of the sun or the excessive use of tanning beds causes an acceleration of the skin aging process by damaging the connective tissue.

Studies published in the journal Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology state that sun exposure would be responsible for 80% of the facial signs of old age.

Recommendations are to use sunscreen with a protection factor greater than or equal to 50, even on cloudy days or when staying in the shade. In the case of prolonged sun exposures, you must renew the protection every 2 hours.

Excessive gesturing

The repetitive movement of the facial muscles generates a slow deterioration process of the skin. Winking, frowning, or raising eyebrows are gestures that everyone does unconsciously and repeatedly. However, in the long term, they cause wrinkles in the upper third of the face.

The best anti aging skin care routine

Currently there are several treatments in the area of ​​cosmetic surgery and medicine that help to counteract the presence of wrinkles. However, as detailed by the American Association of the Academy of Dermatology, these must be applied by certified dermatologists. The most requested are those discussed below.

Botulinum toxin

The correction of wrinkles with the application of botulinum toxin is the treatment of first choice for its safety and effectiveness. In fact, after a week of the session, the muscle into which it is injected is relaxed and does not generate contraction.

Thus, it prevents the wrinkle from developing. It even reduces and eliminates folds in the area without the need for cosmetic surgery.

Hyaluronic acid

The filling with cross-linked hyaluronic acid is great for those wrinkles that are marked yet without gesticulating, that is, the so-called “static wrinkles”. It has volume and filling effect; likewise, it acts as a moisturizer.

It is ideal for reducing wrinkles in the nasogenian sulcus. The most interesting thing is that its results maintain for at least a year. As it is a substance that is in the body naturally, it is only contraindicated in pregnant women, autoimmune diseases in active stage and lactation.

Laser plasma

Laser plasma modifies the structure of the skin on which it works and causes a direct contraction. Superficial pinpoint microlesions are generated, which do not cause bruising or bleeding.

It is mainly for perioral wrinkles (chin, barcode) and periorbital wrinkles (crow’s feet). At this time, it is the best non-surgical treatment to rejuvenate the look.

Chemical peel

It manages to unify the texture and tonality of the skin. In fact, it also helps to reduce wrinkles and reduce the degree of blemishes and pores. It is based on the application of a substance on the skin that manages to remove the most superficial layers.

The deeper and more intense the peeling, the greater the skin renewal and, therefore, the more visible the effect. Recommendations are to do it in winter times, complementing the treatment with the use of sun protection.

Plastic surgery

Unlike the aforementioned, this option requires a pre-surgery, anesthesia, and a postoperative period. It consists of the rearrangement of the tissues to combat flaccidity effectively.

The importance of prevention

Despite the fact that today there are several treatment options for wrinkles, it is advisable to prevent them or delay their appearance. In fact, the main measure is through the constant use of sunscreen; In addition to this, it is essential to implement healthy habits and perform the best anti aging skin care routine.

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