How do you get tuberculosis in real life? Are there treatment options? Can it be deadly? Learn the answers to all of these questions!
Although tuberculosis sounds like a very serious disease, the truth is that it can be cured and even prevented. However, it is necessary to point out that it can be fatal.
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that is not talked about much.
So it is normal that there is a great ignorance about it and how it is spread.
For all these reasons, today we are going to give answers to many of the questions we can ask ourselves about this disease.
Although the word “tuberculosis” may sound like a serious and incurable disease at first, we should not panic.
Well, tuberculosis can be cured and even prevented, two good news.
How do you get tuberculosis in real life?
You hear people getting tuberculosis left and right? So, how do you get tuberculosis in real life? The first of the questions we are going to answer is about how it is spread.
At the beginning we have said that it is an infectious disease. A disease that affects the lungs and causes cough, mucus, fever and night sweats.
These symptoms are similar to a flu, a disease with which it also shares the form of infection: the air.
Every time a person with tuberculosis coughs, the bacteria leave their mouth and can spread to anyone who inhales them.
However, fetuses can also be spread if their own mother is infected.
The amniotic fluid will become infected and when swallowed or breathed by the fetus, it will be infected. For that reason, they are usually vaccinated at birth from this infectious disease.
The funny thing is that many people have it latent, that is, it is not active.
However, this may change as the years go by without being able to predict when the state of tuberculosis will change and the reasons why this happens.
How do I know if I have tuberculosis?
We have already shed some light on how it is spread and manifests, however, it is interesting that we delve deeper into them to appreciate the complexity of this disease.
Although, as in all cases, getting medical tests is what will confirm whether you have it or not.
Cough: The cough of tuberculosis is dry and persistent, lasts more than three weeks. Also, sometimes, blood and some mucus may come out due to a cough so aggressive that it manifests.
Weight loss: you may decrease the desire to eat, however, there is a loss of weight for no reason, sudden and that alerts us to something that is not going well.
Night sweating: every day at nightfall there is an abundant and no reason sweating. Occasionally, fever may appear, which could justify this sweating.
Weakness and fatigue: one feels extremely tired, despite sleeping a lot at night. Exhaustion and fatigue greatly limit daily chores.
All these symptoms can be confused with a flu. Sometimes, they can even be mild.
This causes that in some cases people do not go to their doctor, self-medicate and infect those around them without knowing that, in reality, it is tuberculosis that they are suffering.
The treatment of tuberculosis
Once we have seen how tuberculosis is spread and the way it is manifested, we will see how it is treated.
Because while we have said that tuberculosis can be prevented and cured, if not, it can be fatal.
A series of drugs are supplied to treat tuberculosis. Early detection of this disease predicts a speedy recovery.
It is necessary to mention that the drugs supplied are effective, but they have many side effects. Therefore, they must be supervised by a doctor.
How can it be prevented? The best way is to vaccinate newborns.
However, if we have latent tuberculosis, our doctor can give us certain drugs to prevent it from activating.
Drug treatment usually lasts about 6 months.
If followed correctly, the patient will successfully overcome this disease.
For that reason, it is necessary to follow the doctor’s recommendations as he indicated.
Did you already know how tuberculosis is spread? As we have mentioned, the best way to prevent it is to get vaccinated.
However, before any symptoms do not hesitate to go to our doctor.
Self-diagnosis is not the best option.
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